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Down Syndrome

Down syndrome, or trisomy 21, is a genetic dysfunction and chromosomal situation characterised by a 3rd copy of chromosome 21. Usually, individuals are born with 46 chromosomes, however in an individual with Down syndrome, 47 chromosomes are current. The reason for Down syndrome is unknown, however threat components for having a child with Down syndrome embody: being pregnant over the age of 35, having a sibling with Down syndrome, having a baby with Down syndrome. Individuals with Down syndrome have distinctive options together with a flat face, slanted eyes, and small ears and mouths. Additionally they have shorter necks, arms, and legs than the norm. In nearly all circumstances, these with Down syndrome may have bodily and psychological disabilities. Adults with Down syndrome perform intellectually at an 8- or 9-year-old stage. Additionally they have an elevated threat for different well being issues. Individuals with Down syndrome start cognitive decline at an earlier age than these with out. Usually, at across the age of fifty, they may begin to expertise gradual lack of reminiscence, judgement, and their potential to perform. Roughly 50% of individuals with Down syndrome will develop Alzheimer's illness.

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