Capabilities of the exocrine and endocrine programs are completed by means of collections of glands that affect processes and organs all through the physique. Endocrine glands secrete hormones whereas exocrine glands secrete quite a lot of substances, principally enzymes, with many alternative functions. Endocrine glands haven't any connection to the floor of the physique, and their secretions enter the bloodstream. Exocrine glands have a connection to the floor. They both have ducts or don't want them as a result of they develop shut sufficient to the floor or inside cavities.

1. Endocrine System

The endocrine system is made up of glands that produce hormones to affect and regulate progress, copy, sexual improvement and performance, metabolism, temper, and sleep. Glands within the endocrine system embody the pancreas, thyroid gland, adrenal glands, parathyroid glands, pituitary gland, and the ovaries or testicles. The assorted glands produce hormones. Organs have receptors for particular hormones, so the exocrine system capabilities by releasing hormones to instruct these organs by means of their receptors.Functions of the Exocrine and Endocrine Systemsmagicmine / Getty Pictures

2. Exocrine System

The exocrine system consists of glands that secrete substances to lubricate and shield the physique. These glands embody the sweat, salivary, mucous, mammary, gastric, prostate, bile, ceruminous, sebaceous, and lacrimal glands. Substances produced by exocrine glands circulate by means of ducts to epithelial surfaces. The three shapes of epithelial cells are squamous, columnar and cuboidal. These cell varieties make up hair, pores and skin and different tissue varieties on or close to the physique's floor.Functions of the Exocrine and Endocrine Systemswildpixel / Getty Pictures

3. Location

Hormones produced by endocrine glands are launched and journey by means of the bloodstream to allow them to attain any organ or tissue within the physique. Hormones are sometimes particularly focused to carry out a process or attain one particular organ. Exocrine glands have a a lot shorter vary. Their secretions can not go anyplace past one small space on the pores and skin, or mucous membranes inside cavities such because the mouthSome exocrine glands do not need ducts, in order that they launch secretions straight on or into the focused space.Functions of the Exocrine and Endocrine SystemsJan-Otto / Getty Pictures

4. Period of Results

Exocrine and endocrine glands each secrete proteins, and the glands themselves are epithelial tissues. We really feel and see the results of exocrine gland secretions extra shortly. Salivating whereas smelling a tasty meals and crying in response to an upsetting occasion are endocrine capabilities managed by the salivary and lacrimal glands. Hormonal adjustments can happen over days or years.Functions of the Exocrine and Endocrine Systems7activestudio / Getty Pictures

5. Adrenal Glands

The adrenal glands are an exception inside the endocrine system: we really feel the results of their actions instantly. They launch epinephrine and norepinephrine, the hormones answerable for the fight-or-flight response. The results embody elevated coronary heart price, dilated pupils, and fast respiration. The digestive and excretory programs are slower as a result of the adrenal hormones are directing power to bodily capabilities required to flee or battle a menace.Functions of the Exocrine and Endocrine SystemsHYWARDS / Getty Pictures

6. Shared Capabilities

The endocrine system works in tandem with the nervous system. The endocrine system manages long-term adjustments corresponding to puberty, menopause, and producing breast milk. The exocrine system handles physique temperature regulation and retaining the eyes lubricated. Each programs share capabilities in processes corresponding to sexual activity and digestion. Hormones affect sexual maturity; the secretions throughout intercourse and arousal are short-term results of the exocrine glands.Functions of the Exocrine and Endocrine Systemsbluecinema / Getty Pictures

7. Being pregnant

The endocrine system performs a serious function in being pregnant at each stage. Hormones decide when the ovaries launch an egg and regulate menstrual cycles. Intercourse implants a fertilized egg within the uterus. The creating placenta is a brief endocrine gland, as well as to its many different capabilities. The endocrine system guides a posh course of involving nearly all of the physique's organs and tissues, to hold a being pregnant to time period.Functions of the Exocrine and Endocrine SystemsPeopleImages / Getty Pictures

8. Endocrine Issues

Endocrine problems can typically be troublesome to diagnose and deal with. Issues with the pituitary gland interrupt menstruation, metabolism, bone progress, and lots of different processes; the pituitary -- or grasp gland -- strongly impacts on the remainder of the endocrine system. Diabetes is a well known sickness associated to wreck or poor perform of the pancreas. Issues of the ovaries or testes intrude with copy and trigger irregular testosterone, estrogen, and progesterone ranges. A dysfunction in any of the endocrine glands could also be severe as a result of these glands management or affect nearly each course of within the physique.Functions of the Exocrine and Endocrine SystemsChrisChrisW / Getty Pictures

9. Exocrine Issues

Exocrine problems are localized. There are a number of glands of every sort within the exocrine system, and most problems solely impression a single gland. Pimples, cysts and different minor infections are quite common. Blocked or contaminated ducts trigger most exocrine problems. Docs deal with these with topical treatment or by eradicating the blockage and contaminated materials. Blocked or overactive cerumen glands can impression listening to as a result of the ear canal fills with secretions or lifeless pores and skin cells. Typically infections of exocrine glands are extra severe. They'll flip into abscesses, though these are usually not distinctive to the endocrine system. Abscesses normally require therapy with antibiotics and a process to empty the an infection.Functions of the Exocrine and Endocrine Systemsericsphotography / Getty Pictures

10. The Position of the Pancreas

The pancreas is a singular gland that engages each the exocrine and endocrine programs. Enzymes that break down lipids, proteins, and different molecules come from exocrine capabilities. The area of the pancreas often known as the Islets of Langerhans produces insulin, glucagon, and somatostanin. These secretions serve endocrine capabilities. Insulin and glucagon regulate blood sugar; somatostanin influences manufacturing of the opposite secretions.Functions of the Exocrine and Endocrine Systemsyodiyim / Getty Pictures


This website is designed to provide helpful information and suggestions for educational purposes. You should consult selectively and not use any information on this website to substitute for professional medical diagnoses or treatment. If your body is experiencing specific problems and symptoms, it is necessary to contact and consult other healthcare professionals for the most accurate results.